The Global Justice Academy (GJA) and Edinburgh Law School welcomed over 200 human rights academics and practitioners to the University of Edinburgh for the 2018 Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI) Annual Conference on the 6-8 September 2018. The GJA holds the current Secretariat of AHRI in conjunction with the Centre for the Study of Human Rights Law (CSHRL) at the University of Strathclyde. In this post, AHRI Chair and GJA Management Group member, Dr Kasey McCall-Smith, reflects on the three days.
The theme of this year’s conference was ‘Renewing Rights in Times of Transition: 70 Years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights’. The conference began with Works in Progress sessions on 6 September followed by the launch of the Political Settlements Research Programme’s PA-X Peace Agreements database (PA-X). Professor Christine Bell delivered a public lecture entitled The Inclusion Project: Human Rights Dilemmas in the Negotiation of Peace Agreements, with a response from the UN’s Ian Martin, entitled A UN ‘Surge in Diplomacy’ in a World in Transition.
Professor Charlie Jeffrey, Senior Vice-Principal of the University of Edinburgh, welcomed AHRI conference delegates at the opening reception in the Playfair Library of the Old College. The official start to the conference heard interventions on Challenges to Human Rights in Times of Transition with panel speakers including Francesca Klug, OBE, Jacquelyn MacLennan of White & Case, LLP, and Michael O’Flaherty, Director of the European Union Fundamental Rights Agency. The panel examined key challenges to contemporary human rights protection. Klug identified these as bureaucracy, legalism, irrelevance, nationalism and globalisation (or BLING). MacLennan outlined ways in which practitioners could contribute to ending modern slavery, the most egregious assault on human rights. O’Flaherty highlighted how human rights academics must do a better job at communicating their research to the public in order to drive home the importance of human rights protection to everyone, not just the oppressed and marginalised.
Following the opening plenary session, over 110 presenters delivered papers on a comprehensive ranges of topics, including, among many others: the role of non-state actors in times of transition; the evolution of environmental rights, interpretations of human dignity, the rights of the displaced and minority rights; expanding ideas of accountability and redress; reconsideration of the tension between human rights and democracy; and human rights in post-conflict settings. Audiences heard from academics and practitioners ranging from PhD candidates to emeritus professors from across all continents. The programme reinforced AHRI’s aims of inclusivity and global expansion to deliver a more cross-representative research presentation setting.
The final plenary panel session heard optimistic views on Moving Forward in Times of Transition from Alan Miller, Special Envoy of the Global Alliance of the National Human Rights Institutions, Elizabeth Salmón, Professor of International Law at the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, and Rhona Smith, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia. The major theme across the closing panel was that everyone has a role to play in promoting human rights, no matter how large or small. It is through the collective influence of all human rights defenders that human rights will triumph over the anti-rights movements threatening the safety of so many people today. Salmón noted in particular the inclusion imperative that must be acknowledged across human rights discourse, specifically pointing to transitional justice.
This role of everyday people promoting human rights in their everyday lives was reinforced in the closing address ‘Nevertheless, She Persisted’ delivered by Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (known as Anne). In a moving conference closing, the granddaughter of the late Eleanor Roosevelt, who was instrumental in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, implored the audience to ‘channel Eleanor Roosevelt’ everyday in their pursuit of ensuring human dignity for all.
Amongst the many presentations of new research across the two days, the AHRI member institutes also held their annual general meeting. During the course of this meeting AHRI welcomed nine new institutes into the network including:
- Australian Human Rights Institute, University of New South Wales, Australia
- Centre for Applied Human Rights, University of York, UK
- Centre for Human Rights Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
- Chair for Human Rights and Public Authorities of the University of the Basque Country, Spain
- Department for Human Rights and Politics, ELTE Budapest, Hungary
- NCU Chair of Human Rights, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
- Research Centre of Fundamental Rights, Tallin University
- Sussex Centre for Human Rights Research, University of Sussex, UK
- Chang Fo-Chaun Centre for the Study of Human Rights, Soochow University, Taiwan
With the addition of these nine new members, AHRI now spans six continents and 70 institutions.
In line with the three previous years’ conferences, AHRI adopted the 2018 Edinburgh Declaration on Renewing our Commitment to Human Rights. The Declaration urges all academics and practitioners to call governments to account for the egregious, large-scale human rights violations that continue daily across many conflict-ridden States and under repressive governments. As Miller highlighted, ‘There can be no comfort zones for anyone in the world right now.’ The 2018 Edinburgh Declaration serves as strong reminder to all human rights academics, defenders and practitioners that even if we must constantly face resistance, in the words of Rhona Smith, ‘Two steps forward and one step back is still progress.’ The Declaration calls on ‘every individual and every organ of society to stand up for a new social and international order in which all human rights can be fully and effectively realized.’
AHRI 2018 proved to be an inspiring reflection of the legacy of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the work that is taking place across the globe to improve the lives of all people in all places. It is up to each of us to STAND UP and MAKE OUR VOICES HEARD.