Global Citizenship Workshop

Back to

A Workshop on Global Citizenship

Global Citizenship two

Johanna Holtan, EUSA Global


It seems everyone is talking about global citizenship these days.  From education to activism – we know this plays an important role in the lives of our students and their Global Citizensip three

impact on the world, but we needed to know and learn and ask more.  How is global citizenship relevant to our students, EUSA, the greater University community, and beyond?  What does it even mean? What’s our role in developing globally just student leaders?

» Read more

Identity and Belonging A Workshop


Return to Global Justice Academy

Identity and Belonging  

Identity and Belonging

The Edinburgh University Law School; the Global Justice Academy; the Finnish research group Family Law and Personal Life;and the Finnish Graduate School Law in a Changing World co-organized an intriguing and inspiring workshop on identity and belonging at the Old College, in the dignified atmosphere of the Raeburn Room, on Thursday and Friday 16-17 May. The presentations in the workshop all addressed, in one or another, combinations or intersections of legal subjectivity, issues of minority citizenship, marginalized identities and belonging. They challenged the constructions of normality and subjectivity in the law from various perspectives, such as queer and gender aspects, perspectives to vulnerable or incapable groups, and approaches focusing on care and caring activities.


The workshop was opened by the convenors with warm words of welcome by Professor Anne Griffiths (Edinburgh University, Law School) and some remarks concerning the practical issues by Doctoral Candidate Sanna Mustasaari (Helsinki University, Law Faculty), followed by a cosy round of introductions. The first speaker, Professor Jennifer Corrin (The University of Queensland, Australia), spoke under the title Who is an Islander, elaborating on the definition of islander in the complex legal system of Solomon Islands. The term ‘Islander’ is the principal term used to differentiate between indigenous and non-indigenous members of society in Solomon Islands. Historically, this term has been defined in different ways in legislation. It has also received conflicting interpretation by the courts, particularly in the context of marriage and divorce, as the definition of “Islander” also defines whether the law applicable to a case is customary law of the village and tribe or the State law. The term is of crucial importance, for instance, in deciding which of the three matrimonial regimes is applicable to a case.  


In her thought-provoking presentation titled Families, Identity and Belonging: Rethinking Personhood and Property in Botswana Anne Griffiths spoke about the changing attitudes towards family relationships and care in Botswana through a study of inheritance dealing with land transfers. She addressed, for instance, the joint effect of gender and class to the changing position of women in contemporary Botswana. Anne Griffiths’ presentation was followed by Doctoral Candidate Henna Pajulammi (Lapland University, Law Faculty), who spoke about the child’s right to participate, addressing the legal framework of children’s participatory rights, policies and practices in Finland. The first session, as well as sessions 3 and 5, was superbly chaired by Dr Frankie McCarthy (University of Glasgow).


The second session, chaired by Anne Griffiths, dealt with gender and representations of sexuality in law. In her interesting presentation, titled Sexual citizenship in post-Yugoslav States: “Europeanization” and changing legal frameworks, Katja Kahlina (Edinburgh University, CITSEE project) assessed the ways in which sexual citizenship has been re-defined in the Yugoslav successor states in the past decade, and reflected critically upon the process of “Europeanization” by examining to what extent the hierarchical distinction between the “civilized” Western Europe and “yet to be civilized” Eastern Europe present in the negotiation process affects the (nationalist) resistance to the rights of sexual minorities. Doctoral Candidate Carolynn Gray’s (Universities of Glasgow and the West of Scotland) presentation, titled The (Gender)Queer in UK Law: Why Current Protections are Insufficient, elegantly addressed the epistemology of sex and gender, asking us how do we define sex and gender, and posing the question of why do we base the system for protecting and acknowledging individuals on gender identity that continues to be based on the binary model of male or female.


Doctoral Candidate Pablo Marshall (Glasgow University) opened session 3 with his presentation, titled Criminals’ Disenfranchisement: Genealogical Observations on Political Capacity, that examined the disqualification of various groups of people and different possible justifications of restricting criminals’ right to vote. His presentation interestingly compared elements of political capacity consisting of both cognitive and moral capacity. Pablo’s presentation was followed by Doctoral Candidate Kati Nieminen (Helsinki University, Law Faculty), who in her presentation, titled Rebels without a cause? Conscientious objection and civil disobedience in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, addressed the ways in which the private and public spheres may be manipulated to emphasize certain elements of an objecting act in order construct them as private claims or violent manifestations. Continuing with the themes of restrictions of rights and freedoms both Anna Mäki-Petäjä-Leinonen (Helsinki University, Law Faculty) and Dianne Gove (Alzheimer Europe) spoke about challenges related mainly to old age. Anna’s presentation titled Elder law approach to the restriction of freedom discussed the promises of elder law as a relatively new field of law to systematically address the problems experienced by the elderly in relation to the paradox of needing both protection and recognition of autonomy. Dianne’s presentation titled People with dementia and restrictions of freedom took these points to a practical level by introducing the new guidelines of Alzheimer Europe and the important work carried out through this European organization which promotes rights and good care for people with dementia.


In the final session of Thursday, brightly chaired by Professor Ann Stewart (Warwick University), Dr Jane Mair (Glasgow University) and Doctoral Candidate Sanna Koulu (Helsinki University, Law Faculty) discussed the complicated issues relating to recognition of care aspects in family relationships and law. In her presentation, titled The Value of Care in Work and Family, Jane addressed the relational and intimate aspects of care and posed the question of whether the progress of formal equality has in reality empowered those members of the family (usually women) who in day-to-day life take the duties of providing other members of the family with care. Sanna’s presentation, titled Doing right by the family? From an ethic of justice to an ethic of care, picked up the theme, asking is there room for an ethic of justice in family law, thus forming a harmonious continuum to end the academic program of the day.


The first session of Friday, the second day of our workshop, focused on challenges of cross-border mobility cultural diversity. Opening the day, Doctoral Candidate Katja Karjalainen (Helsinki University, Law Faculty) spoke about the interplay of Hague conventions and EU private international law. In her presentation, titled Foundation of the EU Private International Family Law: Focus on the cross-border protection of incapable adults she asked, for instance, whether the free movement and the parity of citizens are fulfilled when in the case of EU citizens weakened capacities. Dr Magdalena Kmak’s (Helsinki University, Law Faculty) presentation, titled Producing Subjectivity through Confinement: Detention of Asylum Seekers in European Union, widened the theme of cross-border mobility to asylum seekers and third country citizens. Examining the compromise version of the recast of the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down standards for the reception of asylum seekers and Dublin III Regulation, adopted by the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament, she discussed the problems of providing for detention of asylum seekers with open norms that, in fact, enable the use of detention to an even wider group of asylum seekers. Magda also introduced real life examples of asylum seekers who have refused to be seen as powerless victims lacking agency, and thus challenge the prevailing narrative about people in need for international protection.


Dr Dorota Anna Gozdecka’s (Helsinki University, Law Faculty) presentation, titled Rights or Responsibility? – Post-Multicultural Europe and Dilemmas of Recognition, brought the discussion back to themes similar to those discussed in relation to care. Approaching these issues from a philosophical angle, she showed how the Levinasian ethics of alterity could, in fact, help us to see beyond the rather limited lens of rights by presuming an a priori responsibility for the Other. Sanna Mustasaari’s presentation titled Citizenship and Family Law in the Era of Cultural Diversity and Transnational Family Networks, presented a relatively optimistic account of the promises of rights, sketching out some building blocks for a new paradigm of the research on the family to be used in the new settings of transnationality and cultural diversity. This revised paradigm would draw on the idea of universalism of rights, as in that there are elements of rights that can be perceived as cross-culturally salient.


The last session of the workshop was chaired by Sanna Koulu and addressed new approaches to personal qualities, labour and law.Ann Stewart’s thought-provoking presentation, titled Exploring the legal identity of migrant women body workers in the UK, was based on her published text, a chapter titled Legal Constructions of Body Work, in Wolkowitz et al (eds.): Body/Sex/Work, Palgrave MacMillan (2013). In her presentation she described the contrasting ways in which the ‘sex’ and ‘care’ work are regulated through criminalisation and denial of the status of work. Doctoral Candidate Marjo Ylhäinen (Helsinki University, Law Faculty) touched upon the same theme of difficulties in understanding needs for protection in contemporary ideas of labour law. In her presentation, titled How the object became the subject – autonomous responsibility and labour law, she asserted that the modalities of time and space, through which the identity of controlled worker was born, are now challenged by increase of the value placed on personal capabilities and personality of the worker. She discussed how this new identity of the employee may be met in labour law and what implications it might have to the idea of legal protection of the employee.


All of the sessions were followed by vivid and intent discussion, participated also by Nina Miller (Glasgow University) and Dorota Szpakowicz (Edinburgh University) with their sharp and clever questions and comments. Hopefully the inspirational atmosphere and captivating discussions during the workshop will bear collaboration in the future. Many ideas were thrown in the air – to mention one possible site for such cooperation, the Research project Law and the Other , at the University of Helsinki, could suit very well for future research meet-ups on identity and belonging. The researchers in the research group Family Law and Personal Life will also continue to work to arrange a follow-up for our wonderful workshop.

Scottish Child Law Centre Student Advocacy Project

Scottish Child Law Centre Student Advocacy Project

(Back to GJA Website)

Scots law assumes that a child over the age of 12 has sufficient capacity to decide whether they wish to express a view in children’s hearings or in court actions which affect them.  In exercising their right to express that view, many children face a number of challenges which, without support and guidance, might deter them from making their views known.

The Student Advocacy Project was established by the School of Law at the University of Edinburgh in collaboration with the Scottish Child Law Centre, to support children who are the subject of a court action or a children’s hearing. The aims of the Project are to:

*    ensure that children caught within either system understand the processes and the issues involved
*    support the children in forming and expressing a view, if that is what they wish to do
*    ensure the children understand what happens when a decision is made
*    assist the children with finding appropriate, independent advice, if necessary

Suitable cases will be referred by the Scottish Child Law Centre to the University’s Pro Bono Coordinator, Rebecca Samaras, and appointments will be arranged for children to meet with trained student advocates, all under the supervision of volunteer child and family law solicitors and University staff.

(Back to GJA Website)

Discrimination Against Women in Law

Discrimination Against Women in the Law

 (Back to GJA Website)

The Global Justice Academy and the Scottish Public Law Group co-hosted a thought provoking and entertaining evening on: ‘Discrimination against women in the law: problems and solutions’ on Friday 22 March 2013 at the Royal College of Physicians.


Over 200 women and 60 men braved the icy March blasts, to attend this evening event chaired by Anna Poole, QC.  We were gathered to hear a key note speech delivered by Baroness Hale of Richmond, the only female member of the UK Supreme Court judiciary and the most senior female judge in the history of the UK.  Lady Hale spoke openly and frankly about discrimination in the judiciary and provided a comparative insight into the position of women in the judiciary as well as life as the only female on the Supreme Court bench alongside eleven male brethren.  Lady Hale called for the route to the highest judicial positions across the UK to be more open and for a change to judicial selection procedures which restrict the pool from which the judicial elite are selected.  Lady Hale believes this would afford the opportunity to develop a more equal level of diversity and gender representation across the judiciary in the UK.  Lady Hale observed that most other countries had solved the problem but it was taken for granted in the UK that the only people qualified to become judges in the higher courts were very successful barristers or advocates.


Lady Hale was followed by a very engaging, candid and thought provoking speech delivered by Neil Stevenson,  the Director of Professional Support and Representation at the Law Society of Scotland (LSS) (and a graduate of Edinburgh School of Law – who stated at the outset that his current area of work had been inspired by the ‘Gender Justice’ course he had studied as a law undergraduate!).  Neil presented us with some striking statistics and anecdotal evidence of gender issues facing the solicitor branch of the legal profession in Scotland based on work carried out by and on behalf of the LSS.  The evidence ranged from an identified pay gap of an average of £10K per annum in certain ranks of the profession (a pay gap that senior male members of the profession does not believe exists!), the lack of female representation at partner level in firms and a gender division in legal areas where females have been successful in achieving partner level to females’ inhumanity to fellow females working their way up the career ladder and the reality of the impact of flexible working which is poorly managed from a firm service provision perspective.  Neil posed some very challenging questions and asked us to consider: should the issue of gender be reframed to an issue of child care responsibility, suggesting a same sex couple with children as the control group for this?; should we not be discussing the pay gap between genders at the Law Society AGM?; what are we going to do about diversity in the profession now that the intake the profession has swung to nearly 70% female?   With a further full census by the LSS of its members to follow later in 2013 you get the sense that the blue touch paper has been lit and the debate on these issues is very much alive.


Laura Dunlop QC spoke candidly and warmly about the position of the Scots Bar and took us on a very interesting historical journey reflecting on female input at the Scots Bar.  From the female pioneer at the Scots Bar, Dame Margaret Kidd in 1923, who became the first woman in the UK and Commonwealth to take silk in 1948, to a discussion of Dame Rose Heilbron the first female to take silk in England.  From the challenges of the obsession by their male counterparts with how women would wear their hair, what they would wear (most definitely not red nail polish!) to where they would change into their court gowns and sit for lunch.  The Scots Bar was for many years an exclusively male institution and continues to pose challenges to many women progressing through it ranks.  (The fact that this event was being held at all was dubbed anecdotally by many male member of the current Scots Bar as a form of feminist rally which is testimony to the sentiments (and enlightenment!) of some existing members of Faculty.)  Laura discussed how solicitors select counsel and the conventional approach by many solicitors expecting a man to act in certain types of case.  Laura also appealed to females to act as role models, provide support and encouragement to each other but also to acknowledge the support they receive from all members across their fields as they progress through the ranks.  Laura believes that a career at the Scots Bar is flexible, family friendly and challenging and clearly enjoys her work there.


Closing the contributions for the evening was Professor Rosa Greaves, Head of the School of Law at Glasgow University.   Professor Greaves addressed the academic perspective drawing comparisons from across the UK and also from Scandinavia where she had worked previously based on research she had carried out.  The dearth of females in the senior professorial ranks in some Universities was sobering.  The influence and effect of this on the aspirations of the student and staff bodies they are in contact with is concerning.  Professor Greaves suggested some possible solutions included female academics allowing male ‘peacock’ academics to review and edit their CVs when apply for more senior positions (confessing that she has done this during her career progression) and appointments to office bearer roles in Universities alternating by gender so that roles do not become gender labelled by expectation and convention.  Professor Greaves advised us she has many more.  Professor Greaves provided thought provoking anecdotal evidence of a need for a more confident and assertive female body of academics leaving many of us with much to consider.


A healthy and energetic discussion and debate ensued over drinks post these speeches and many of us left pondering this issue and what each of us can do to face and surmount these challenges.


Caroline Colliston

Director of the Edinburgh Centre for Professional Legal Studies

School of Law

March 2013

(Back to GJA Website)

Innovative Learning: In(justice)agram

Innovative Learning:  In(justice)agram

(Back to GJA Website)

Students in innovative learning week, set up Instagram accounts, and used social media to discuss justice and injustice around them.  See the student blog on the experience at:


If you want to join in the on-going conversation see: #ILWJustice

(Back to GJA Website)

Co-Designing Student Engagement

Co-Designing Student Engagement

TEDx University of Edinburgh

(Back to GJA Website)

In February, EUSA Global and the University – including the Global Academies, Beltane Public Engagement and Innovative Learning Week – organised TEDx University of Edinburgh.

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At our event, we hosted a line-up of speakers who shared their expertise and sparked deep discussion around the theme Global Challenges, Grounded Solutions. While the TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, our individual TEDx event was self-organised by a team of staff and students at the University of Edinburgh.

The event was a huge success and highlights included

–- Student leadership from across the University Ten Student Choice Award submissions to win a spot in the speaker lineup. In one minute, students were asked to share their idea worth spreading and the University community voted on their favourite.

– An open masterclass for speakers arranged by Beltane Public Engagement. The University community was invited to attend and learn some tips on public speaking –

– Seven engaging speakers from disciplines across the University, including Lesley McAra Head of the Law School.

– A student-led design concept, including an animation from an ECA student showcased at the event – and

This campus is full of ideas, not all from academic research. Our students are passionate and hope to inspire change. TEDx University of Edinburgh demonstrated the importance of co-designing these activities alongside our students. This not only creates meaningful leadership and engagement opportunities, but it builds a vibrant community –both staff and students – focused on discovering grounded solutions.

For more information on TEDx at the University

Website –

Facebook –

Twitter –

If you are interested in volunteering with next year’s TEDx event, please email with your interest.

If you are interested in getting involved in other EUSA Global activities, please visit

(Back to GJA Website)

Student Reading Groups

Student Reading Groups

(Back to GJA Website)

A number of student reading groups and discussion groups relating to Global Justice issues, often organized by doctoral students, exist. Below we identify some of them, as they all encourage inter-disciplinary participation. Please contact us if you have others you would like to see listed.

Commercial Law Postgraduate Discussion Group

The Commercial Law Postgraduate Discussion Group is a graduate community dedicated to the discussion of commercial law issues (i.e. company law, intellectual property, banking, IT law, telecommunication and financial law issues.). Topics will involve contemporary and challenging issues in commercial law which are of interest.

Meetings: Regular

Contact Persons: Katarzyna Chalaczkiewicz and Humberto Carrasco



Constitutional Law Discussion Group (CLDG)

The Constitutional Law Discussion Group (CLDG) is co-ordinated by PhD students at Edinburgh Law School and aims to provide a structured forum for debate on constitutional issues in the Law School, especially at the student level. The Group operates with support from the Edinburgh Centre for Constitutional Law.

Meetings: Fortnightly

Contact Persons: Tom Daly and Silvia Suteu



Criminology Postgraduate Research Group

The Criminology and Criminal Justice Postgraduate Research Group is run by PhD students for postgraduate students within the university with an interest in criminology and criminal justice. The aim of the group is to foster a criminology community within the university by encouraging student participation in the each other’s research, and to build ties between the students who are scattered across different schools.

Meetings: Regular

Contact Persons: Cara Jardine and Jessica Bird



Ethnicity, Nationalism, and National Identity Network (ENNIN)

ENNIN brings together students and staff across the disciplines at the University of Edinburgh whose research explores the issues of ethnicity, nationalism and national identity. The aim of the network is to provide students and professors with a forum where they can discuss their research interests and exchange ideas with their peers from the University of Edinburgh, as well as other universities, research centres and academic programmes that focus on similar issues and topics.

Meetings: Fortnightly

Contact Person: Marie-Eve Hamel



International Law Discussion Group (ILDG)

The Edinburgh International Law Discussion Group organises seminars and discussions on a wide range of issues in public international law. The Discussion Group is co-ordinated by PhD students with the aim of complementing the Edinburgh Law School’s strong record of research and scholarship in international law.

Meetings: Fortnightly

Contact Persons: Giedre Jokobauskaite and Diogo de Sousa e Alvim



Legal Theory Reading Group

The Legal Theory Reading Group is organised by PhD students involved in research on legal theory at the School of Law. The Group selects a reading list for every semester and meets for two hours every fortnight.

Meetings: Fortnightly

Contact Person: Alex Latham



(Back to GJA Website)

Get involved: Human Rights National Action Plan Consultation

Edinburgh Students Participate!

Contribute to the Scottish Human Rights National Action Plan


(Back to GJA Website)

My name is Victoria Perez Saez, I am a 3rd year exchange student from Paris, studying at the University of Edinburgh Law School. Inspired by my Human Rights Honours course and driven by the idea that human rights issues are everyone’s concern and responsibility I wish to present to you this project which I believe involves everybody and touches very important aspects of our every day life.


This initiative represents an opportunity to hear citizens on what they consider to be the main proprieties regarding human rights in Scotland. You represent the views and aspirations of the local people living in Scotland, your feedback is thus fundamental for constructing the most suited implementation mechanisms and policies that would fulfill your expectations and needs.


The initiative aims to provide a substantive contribution to the efforts deployed by the Scottish Human Rights Commission (SHRC) in launching Scotland’s National Action Plan in the summer of 2013.


It is the Commission’s priority to obtain feedback from citizens on what the main Human Rights issues in Scotland and how they should be addressed (for more information see the Executive Summary Getting it right! Human rights in Scotland available at: )


Thus, this initiative seeks to encourage a close collaboration between the SHRC and the University of Edinburgh. By expressing your views you would be contributing to build a constructive and enabling environment where a broad range of students and faculty members from the University are supporting the SHRC National Action Plan.


Via this simple and straightforward Participation Form you will contribute to the accountability and monitoring of the process of implementation of human rights.


An Event at the University of Edinburgh on the 13th of March 2013 has been organized as a base for discussion and information on key human rights issues in the context of Scotland’s National Action Plan where Professor Alan Miller, President of the SHRC, and Professor Christine Bell from the University of Edinburgh will be the keynote speakers.


The event benefits from with the support of the Global Justice Academy, the University of Edinburgh and EUSA (the Edinburgh University Student Association).


For more information please contact:

(Back to GJA Website)

Get Involved in our Fair Trade Academic Network

Get Involved in our Fair Trade Academic Network

(Back to GJA Website)

The University of Edinburgh’s Fair Trade Academic Network (FTAN) is looking for new academic staff and PhD student members from any discipline, interested in examining questions fairness in trade from a broad range of perspectives.

What is FTAN?

The University of Edinburgh’s Fair Trade Academic Network (FTAN) has been set up to encourage and facilitate interdisciplinary inquiry into questions of fairness in trade. FTAN is coordinated by Professor Tim Hayward, Director of the Just World Institute, with the support of Liz Cooper, Fair Trade Coordinator. We are a Fairtrade University, in a Fair Trade Nation, a status announced on 25th February 2013, yet further investigation is needed into what these terms could or should mean in terms of policy and practice, among other issues. FTAN is not just about fair trade certification systems, but about broader ideas of justice and fairness in global trade.

For more details on our remit, current members, and activities, see our new FTAN web pages, housed within the Just World Institute.

Fair Trade Academic Network website

FTAN activities

In 2013, we have held two FTAN events: ‘What’s Fair about Fair Trade?: Insights from Senegal and India’, by Liz Cooper on 31st January, and ‘Negotiating the meaning of fair trade: The case of Malawian rice in Scotland’, by Dr Alastair Smith on 28th February. We have launched a Fair Trade Dissertation Prize for the academic year 2013/14. We have begun collating information on teaching and research at Edinburgh relating to fairness in trade. Professor Tim Hayward has written a blog piece on why it is intellectually respectable and worthwhile to carry out research on and teach about fair trade.

How to get involved

We are looking for new members (academic staff and also PhD students) from any discipline, to take part in workshops and research collaborations over the coming year(s).

Contact to be added to the network.

We are also looking for research papers by Edinburgh academics, and information on taught courses, that touch on issues of fairness in trade, to include on our website.

All are welcome to sign up to our new FTAN mailing list

(Back to GJA Website)